React Data GridFilter API
react logo

You can access and set the models for filters through the grid API, or access individual filter instances directly for more control. This page details how to do both.

Get / Set All Filter Models

It is possible to get the state of all filters using the grid API method getFilterModel(), and to set the state using setFilterModel(). These methods manage the filters states via the getModel() and setModel() methods of the individual filters.

// Gets filter model via the grid API
const model = gridApi.getFilterModel(); 

// Sets the filter model via the grid API
gridApi.setFilterModel(model);

The filter model represents the state of filters for all columns and has the following structure:

// Sample filter model via getFilterModel()
{
    athlete: {
        filterType: 'text',
        type: 'startsWith',
        filter: 'mich'
    },
    age: {
        filterType: 'number',
        type: 'lessThan',
        filter: 30
    }
}

This is useful if you want to save the global filter state and apply it at a later stage. It is also useful for server-side filtering, where you want to pass the filter state to the server.

Reset All Filters

You can reset all filters by doing the following:

gridApi.setFilterModel(null);

Example: Get / Set All Filter Models

The example below shows getting and setting all the filter models in action.

  • Save Filter Model saves the current filter state, which will then be displayed.
  • Restore Saved Filter Model restores the saved filter state back into the grid.
  • Set Custom Filter Model takes a custom hard-coded filter model and applies it to the grid.
  • Reset Filters will clear all active filters.
  • Destroy Filter destroys the filter for the Athlete column by calling gridApi.destroyFilter('athlete'). This removes any active filter from that column, and will cause the filter to be created with new initialisation values the next time it is interacted with.

(Note: the example uses the Enterprise-only Set Filter).

Get / Set Individual Filter Model

It is also possible to get or set the filter model for a specific filter, including your own custom filters.

Re-running Grid Filtering

After filters have been changed via their API, you must ensure the method gridApi.onFilterChanged() is called to tell the grid to filter the rows again. If gridApi.onFilterChanged() is not called, the grid will still show the data relevant to the filters before they were updated through the API.

// Set a filter model
await api.setColumnFilterModel('name', {
    filterType: 'text',
    type: 'startsWith',
    filter: 'abc',
});

// Tell grid to run filter operation again
api.onFilterChanged();

Reset Individual Filters

You can reset a filter to its original state by setting the model to null.

// Set the model to null
await api.setColumnFilterModel('name', null);
 
// Tell grid to run filter operation again
api.onFilterChanged();

Example: Get / Set Individual Filter Model

The example below shows getting and setting an individual filter model in action.

  • Save Filter Model saves the Athlete filter state, which will then be displayed.
  • Restore Saved Filter Model restores the saved Athlete filter state back into the grid.
  • Set Custom Filter Model takes a custom hard-coded Athlete filter model and applies it to the grid.
  • Reset Filter will clear the Athlete filter.

Accessing Individual Filter Component Instances

It is also possible to access the filter components directly if you want to interact with a specific filter. This also works for your own custom filters, where you can get a reference to the underlying filtering instance (i.e. what was created when AG Grid called new on your filter). Calling api.getColumnFilterInstance(colKey) will return a reference to the filter instance for the column with key colKey.

// Get a reference to the 'name' filter instance
const filterInstance = await api.getColumnFilterInstance('name');

All of the methods of the filter are available on the instance. If using a custom filter, any other methods you have added will also be present, allowing bespoke behaviour to be added to your filter. Both provided and custom filters implement IFilter and have the following common methods:

Note that if you call setModel on the filter, you will also need to call onFilterChanged to re-run filtering, similar to Re-running Grid Filtering

Example: Accessing Individual Filters

The example below shows how you can interact with an individual filter instance, using the Set Filter as an example.

  • Get Mini Filter Text will print the text from the Set Filter's Mini Filter to the console.
  • Save Mini Filter Text will save the Mini Filter text.
  • Restore Mini Filter Text will restore the Mini Filter text from the saved state.

(Note: the example uses the Enterprise-only Set Filter).

Read-only Filter UI

Sometimes it maybe useful to strictly control the filters used by the grid via API, whilst still exposing filter settings in-use to users. The readOnly filter parameter changes the behaviour of all provided column filters so their UI is read-only. In this mode, API filter changes are still honoured and reflected in the UI:

const [columnDefs, setColumnDefs] = useState([
    {
        field: 'age',
        filter: true,
        filterParams: {
            readOnly: true
        }
    }
]);

<AgGridReact columnDefs={columnDefs} />

The following example demonstrates all of the Provided Filters with readOnly: true enabled:

  • Simple Filters have a read-only display with no buttons; if there is no 2nd condition set then the join operator and 2nd condition are hidden:
  • Set Filter allows Mini Filter searching of values, but value inclusion/exclusion cannot be toggled; buttons are also hidden, and pressing enter in the Mini Filter input has no effect:
    • country, gold, silver and bronze columns demonstrate Set Filter.
  • Multi Filter has no direct behaviour change, sub-filters need to be individually made read-only. readOnly: true is needed to affect any associated Floating Filters.
  • Floating Filters are enabled and inherit readOnly: true from their parent, disabling any UI input.
  • Buttons above the grid provide API interactions to configure the filters.

Launching Filters

How filters are launched can be customised if grid option columnMenu = 'new'.

colDef.suppressHeaderFilterButton = true can be used to disable the button in the header that opens the filter.

The filter can also be launched via api.showColumnFilter(columnKey).

The following example demonstrates launching the filter:

  • The Athlete column has a filter button in the header to launch the filter.
  • The Age column has a floating filter, so the header button is automatically hidden.
  • The Country column has the filter button hidden via colDef.suppressHeaderFilterButton. The filter can still be opened via the API by clicking the Open Country Filter button.
  • The Year column has a floating filter and the header button is also suppressed, so has a slightly different display style when the filter is active.

Filter Events

Filtering causes the following events to be emitted:

Next Up

Continue to the next section to learn about Floating Filters.